In order to understand the basic principles of interior design, you must first understand that interior design is essentially the art and science of enhancing the interior of a building to achieve a healthier and more aesthetically pleasing environment for the people or person using the space. This is according to Wikipedia and we’ll deliberately not change this definition because it’s a perfect summation.
Throughout history, interior design has played an important role in maintaining the historical and cultural integrity of many buildings. Let’s take a look at the 7 basic principles of interior design.
Principle 1: Balance
In interior design, balance is a key principle. When you observe the interior of a building, the harmony of objects and their distribution in terms of shape, line, color, light and shadow, they must have a perfect balance. From whatever angle you view the interior, one side should never appear asymmetrical to the other.
Principle 2: Emphasis
As part of interior design, it’s important to ensure that certain aspects of your design that are meant to deliberately attract more attention from the audience are clearly emphasized. You can create emphasis through the use of an attractive mix of color, textile or calligraphy that draws in your audience to the specific spot.
Principle 3: Proportionality
Proportionality in interior design is important as you work towards creating a perfect harmony between the different elements in your design. Your design will appear more symmetrical, beautiful and elegant when everything is proportionate to each other. As a rule, every space should integrate into the design without dependence on others but rather complementing others.
Principle 4: Diversity
One of the things that attracts the viewer and breaks monotony is incorporating diversity in your interior design. Because society is culturally diverse, your design must be able to find a perfect balance and ensure it appeals to a diverse audience base.
Principle 5: Repetition
Just like in any other form of art, repetition will play an important role in interior design. Repetition usually helps in bringing unity, in your design as it helps in creating harmony between the different dimensions, lines, color and other elements in your design.
Principle 6: Conflicts
One of the most interesting ways to attract the viewer’s attention in interior design is creating some conflict. In design, this refers to the contradictions of items in terms of height, thickness, straightness, colors, and so on within the design space.
Principle 7: Hierarchy
For every good interior design plan, you must have a hierarchy that is, there must be sections of the design that are dominant followed by sections that are less dominant, and this should appear very clearly in your design for the audience to appreciate. Every aspect of your interior design can’t carry the same weight and importance.
These principles may sound a bit technical in theory but when you start applying them practically, you’ll realize that they are pretty easy things to master and incorporate in your interior design work.